(Although the Czech Republic is equally a member of the EU, an individual residing in the Czech Republic or a legal entity with a registered office in the Czech Republic is considered as a national entity and the following special conditions do not apply to them). For EU businessman, there are some exceptions or a different regime from general conditions for filing a notification of a trade or an application for a trade permit which apply to foreign entities from other states.

Submitting documents

The requirement that documents in a foreign language should be translated into the Czech language by a certified interpreter from the Register of certified experts and interpreters and the requirement that signatures and stamps should be authenticated (by superlegalization, possibly by an authentication clause which is called appostille in accordance with the Agreement on the cancellation of the requirement to authenticate foreign public instruments) do not apply to the documents translated by an EU citizen or a legal entity with a registered office, headquarters of main place of its business activities in a EU member state, unless there are doubts about the correctness of the translation or about the autenticity of the signature or a stamp.

Proving professional competence

(See also Recognition of qualifications and education on the MŠMT web pages.)

  • For vocational trades, in addition to the possibilities set by Sec. 21 and 22 of the Trade Act, a EU citizen can prove his/her professional competence as indicated below
    • for trades listed in part A of Schedule n.1 of the Trade Act by documents according to Sec. 19, Subsec. 1, paragraph a) of the Act n. 18/2004 Coll. on the recognition of professional competence
    • for trades listed in part B of Schedule n. 1 of the Trade Act by documents according to Sec 19, Subsec. 1, paragraph f) of the Act n. 18/2004 Coll. on the recognition of professional competence
    • for trades listed in part C of Schedule n. 1 of the Trade Act by documents according to Sec 19, Subsec.1, paragraph c) of the Act n. 18/2004 Coll. on the recognition of professional competence
  • For professional trades, in addition to the posibility according to Sec. 24 of the Trade Act, an EU citizen can prove his/her professional competence by a proof of recognition of his/her competence issued by a recognizing body according to the Act on recognition of professional competence, also by proofs of professional competence within the law on recognition of professional competence. These documents shall prove professional competence set for individual trades in Schedule n. 2 of the Trade Act
  • For permitted trades, in addition to the posibility according to Sec. 27 of the Trade Act, an EU citizen can prove his/her professional competence by a proof of recognition of his/her competence issued by a recognizing body according to the Act on recognition of professional competence, also by proofs of professional competence within the law on recognition of professional competence. These documents shall prove professional competence set for individual trades in Schedule n. 3 of the Trade Act

Proofs of education

(See also Recognition of qualifications and education on the MŠMT web pages)

The duty to supply proofs of education issued abroad with a validation clause or a certificate of recognition according to Act n. 18/2004 Coll. on recognition of professional competence does not apply to proofs of education issued in an EU member state or submitted by an EU citizen.

Proof of being without criminal records

A businessman - an EU citizen proves that s/he is without criminal records by a copy of an entry from the Register of criminal records or an equal document issued by a relevant court or administrative body of the state or an EU state of his last residence. Should the state not issue such copies or equal documents, the individual shall submit a statement stating that s/he is without a criminal record according to Sec. 6, Subsec. 1, Paragraph c) of the Trade Act. This statement shall be made in writing in the presence of a notary or a body of the member state of his/her last residence. These documents must not be older than 3 months and can be substituted by a proof of the recognition of professional competence if it also proves that the condition of being without criminal records has been met.

The same proof shall be also submitted by an agent in charge of a trade who is an EU citizen.

Businessman - an EU Citizen does not submit a copy of an entry in the criminal records of the CR

Proof of an operation of business abroad

An EU citizen or a legal entity with the registered office, headquarters or main place of its business activities in an EU member state shall not supply the proof of an operation of business abroad with the notification of a trade or an application for a trade permit.

Making an entry in the Commercial Register

A foreign person with a residence in one of the EU member states or in another state which is a part of the European Economic Area does not have to make an entry in the Commercial Register. This exception to the compulsory entry of foreign persons in the Commercial Register does not apply to persons from the Suiss Confederation who have this duty.

Residence permit

EU citizens do not need a residence permit in the Czech Republic.

Providing services, Sec. 69a of the Trade Act

An EU citizen or a legal entity with a registered office, headquarters or main place of its business activities in one of the EU member states who are authorised to carry on business activities in an EU member state, can temporarily provide services in the Czech Republic in the extent of their business authorization in accordance with article 49 and the following articles of the Treaty Establishing European Community.

According to this article, any restrictions to the free provision of services within the Community for the citizens of the Community as well as for legal entities with a registered office in the territory of the European Community are prohibited.

The concept of the provision of services shall be construed as almost any business activity - industrial, economic, vocational and also the practice of individual professions. The term temporariness is not defined in any legal regulations and is interpreted in such a way that the residence and actions of the person in the Czech Republic must not be seen as if the person has settled down in the Czech Republic.

When providing services the businessman is obliged to observe all the duties resulting form special legal regulations in addition to the provisions of the Trade Act, with the exception of the duty to prove the legitimacy to provide services during a trade inspection, i.e. mainly to prove the fact that s/he has a trade licence or permit in an EU state.