Flood-control preventions

Metropolitan districts control the protection of inhabitants against floods according to their flood plans. Everyone, when in need, can request information and help from their flood authorities.

Putting into effect flood-control measures in its area is ensured by the capital of Prague. The protection against overflow of water and inundation of city parts is prepared and designed in seven approved phases by building permanent and mobile barriers according to individual endangered areas. For early information of inhabitants, the capital uses electronic sirens that have been installed in areas endangered by flood. The sirens emit acoustic signals and spoken warning messages and information.

The floods in 2002 confirmed the rightness of the initiated way in approaching flood-control protections, when mobile walls built at the river banks of The Old town and Josefov protected the entire historic area of old Prague against flooding by flowing water.

Advice for inhabitants in case of floods and the way of its announcement

Announcement about the threat to the city by surface water will be announced by flood bodies of the metropolitan districts of the capital of Prague ahead of time in the following way:

  • Warning signal by electronic sirens with verbal information,
  • By subsequent announcement in media news,
  • Megaphones installed in vehicles of Police of the Czech Republic, Municipal Police and other bodies are used for communicating information.

Preparation for evacuation

  • Monitor broadcasting of local radio and other media news
  • Prepare evacuative luggage
  • At leaving, attach a note to the door informing the police and rescuers when and where you were evacuated

Content of evacuative luggage

  • Staple food (primarily tins) for three days
  • Drinking water (tea, coffee)
  • Bread in waterproof packaging, bakery products, biscuits, salt, sugar
  • Articles of daily use (cutlery, tin opener, sharp knife, dishes, cups)
  • Identification papers, money, valuables, insurance agreements
  • Portable radio and substitutive energy source
  • Toiletries, hygienic utensils
  • Medicaments
  • Torch, matches (lighter)
  • Spare garment, shoes, raincoat, Wellington boots, sleeping bag or blanket, clothes line
  • Books, toys, playing cards, etc
  • Luggage with name and address tag

Preparation for protection against floods in the place of residence (in case of early forecast)

  • Object that might be washed away by water should be tightly fastened
  • Valuables from ground-floors and basements (food, drinking water, gas cooker etc) should be taken to the upper floors
  • Petroleum products, chemicals, poisons and caustics should be secured to prevent water and soil contamination
  • Cars and other technology should be removed from the inundation
  • Owners of weapons should secure the weapons and their relevant documents against misuse.

Before leaving your residence (house)

  • Turn off the main electricity switch
  • Turn off the main water and gas seal
  • Make way for domestic animals
  • Close and lock all windows and entries
  • Secure and stuff doors and windows with sack of sand including farm buildings and garages
  • Notify your neighbours of the evacuation
  • Put a card with name and address in pocket of small children
  • For evacuation use your own means of transport or means of transport provided by the local authority
  • Put on suitable clothes and shoes

Main principles of activity during emergent inundation

  • Act calmly and responsibly
  • Help your neighbours, old and sick people
  • Do not enter low-lying spots that might be inundated
  • Do not go through inundated places on bike or in car
  • Follow instructions of local authorities and monitor information in media news

Basic information about activities after inundation

  • Have a specialist check the house condition and degree of statics dislocation
  • Examine the condition of electric power and gas distribution
  • Check the condition of electrical appliances and motors
  • Examine the condition of sewerage, water distribution and quality including wells
  • According to hygienist's instructions immediately dispose of dead animals and all food that was affected by water
  • Use water only from substitutive water sources (tanks) or bottled water until the sources of drinking water have been checked
  • After returning to your house, find out the extent of damage and contact an insurance company